Array Module

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This XQuery Module contains functions for manipulating arrays, which has been introduced with XQuery 3.1.

Contents

[edit] Conventions

All functions in this module are assigned to the http://www.w3.org/2005/xpath-functions/array namespace, which is statically bound to the array prefix.

[edit] Functions

[edit] array:size

Signatures array:size($input as array(*)) as xs:integer
Summary Returns the number of members in $array. Note that because an array is an item, the fn:count function when applied to an array always returns 1.
Examples
  • array:size(array { 1 to 10 }) returns 10.
  • array:size([1 to 10]) returns 1, because the array contains a single sequence with 10 integers.

[edit] array:get

Signatures array:get($array as array(*), $position as xs:integer) as item()*
Summary Returns the $array member at the specified $position.
Errors FOAY0001: $position is not in the range 1 to array:size($array) inclusive.
Examples
  • array:get(array { reverse(1 to 5) }, 5) returns the value 1.

[edit] array:append

Signatures array:append($array as array(*), $member as item()*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a copy of $array with a new $member attached.
Examples
  • array:append([], 'member1') returns the array ["member1"].

[edit] array:subarray

Signatures array:subarray($array as array(*), $position as xs:integer) as array(*)
array:subarray($array as array(*), $position as xs:integer, $length as xs:integer) as array(*)
Summary Constructs a new array with with $length members of $array beginning from the specified $position.
The two-argument version of the function returns the same result as the three-argument version when called with $length equal to the value of array:size($array) - $position + 1.
Errors FOAY0001: $position is less than one, or if $position + $length is greater than array:size($array) + 1.
FOAY0002: $length is less than zero.
Examples
  • array:subarray(["a", "b", "c"], 2) returns the array ["b", "c"].

[edit] array:put

Signatures array:put($array as array(*), $position as xs:integer, $member as item()*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a copy of $array with $member replaced at the specified $position. Equivalent to $array => array:remove($position) => array:insert-before($position, $member).
Errors FOAY0001: $position is not in the range 1 to array:size($array) inclusive.
Examples
  • array:put(["a", "b", "c"], 2, "d") returns the array ["a", "d", "c"].

[edit] array:remove

Signatures array:remove($array as array(*), $positions as xs:integer*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a copy of $array without the member at the specified $positions.
Errors FOAY0001: A position is not in the range 1 to array:size($array) inclusive.
Examples
  • array:append(["a"], 1) returns the array [].

[edit] array:insert-before

Signatures array:insert-before($array as array(*), $position as xs:integer, $member as item()*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a copy of $array with one new $member at the specified $position. Setting $position to the value array:size($array) + 1 yields the same result as array:append($array, $insert).
Errors FOAY0001: $position is not in the range 1 to array:size($array) + 1 inclusive.
Examples
  • array:insert-before(["a"], 1, "b") returns the array ["b", "a"].

[edit] array:head

Signatures array:head($array as array(*)) as item()*
Summary Returns the first member of $array. This function is equivalent to the expression $array(1).
Errors FOAY0001: The array is empty.
Examples
  • array:head(["a", "b"]) returns "a".
  • array:head([["a", "b"], ["c", "d"]]) returns the array ["a", "b"].

[edit] array:tail

Signatures array:tail($array as array(*)) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array with all members except the first from $array. This function is equivalent to the expression array:remove($array, 1).
Errors FOAY0001: The array is empty.
Examples
  • array:insert-before(["a"], 1, "b") returns the array ["b", "a"].

[edit] array:reverse

Signatures array:reverse($array as array(*)) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array with all members of $array in reverse order.
Examples
  • array:reverse(array { 1 to 3 }) returns the array [3, 2, 1].

[edit] array:join

Signatures array:join($arrays as array(*)*) as array(*)
Summary Concatenates the contents of several $arrays into a single array.
Examples
  • array:join(()) returns the array [].
  • array:join((1 to 3) ! array { . }) returns the array [1, 2, 3].

[edit] array:flatten

Signatures array:flatten($items as item()*) as item()*
Summary Recursively flattens all arrays that occur in the supplied $items.
Examples
  • array:flatten(["a","b"]) returns the sequence "a", "b".
  • array:flatten([1,[2,3],4]]) returns the sequence 1, 2, 3, 4.

[edit] array:for-each

Signatures array:for-each($array as array(*), $function as function(item()*) as item()*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array, in which each member is computed by applying $function to the corresponding member of $array.
Examples The following query returns the array [2, 3, 4, 5, 6]:
array:for-each(
  array { 1 to 5 },
  function($i) { $i + 1}
)

[edit] array:filter

Signatures array:filter($array as array(*), $function as function(item()*) as xs:boolean) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array with those members of $array for which $function returns true.
Examples The following query returns the array [0, 1, 3]:
array:filter(
  array { 0, 1, -2, 3, -4 },
  function($i) { $i > 0 }
)

[edit] array:fold-left

Signatures array:fold-left($array as array(*), $zero as item()*, $function as function(item()*, item()*) as item()*) as item()*
Summary Evaluates the supplied $function cumulatively on successive members of the supplied $array from left to right and using $zero as first argument.
Examples The following query returns 55 (the sum of the integers 1 to 10):
array:fold-left(
  array { 1 to 10 },
  0,
  function($a, $b) { $a + $b }
)

[edit] array:fold-right

Signatures array:fold-right($array as array(*), $zero as item()*, $function as function(item()*, item()*) as item()*) as item()*
Summary Evaluates the supplied $function cumulatively on successive members of the supplied $array from right to left and using $zero as first argument.
Examples The following query is equivalent to the expression array:reverse(array { 1 to 5 }):
array {
  array:fold-right(
    array { 1 to 5 },
    (),
    function($a, $b) { $b, $a }
  )
}

[edit] array:for-each-pair

Signatures array:for-each-pair($array1 as array(*), $array2 as array(*), $function as function(item()*) as item()*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array obtained by evaluating the supplied $function for each pair of members at the same position in $array1 and $array2.
Examples The following query returns the array [5, 7, 9]:
array:for-each-pair(
  array { 1 to 3 },
  array { 4 to 6 },
  function($a + $b) { $a + $b }
)

[edit] array:sort

Updated with Version 8.6: Collation argument was inserted between first and second argument.

Signatures array:sort($array as array(*)) as array(*)
array:sort($array as array(*), $collation as xs:string?) as xs:anyAtomicType*) as array(*)
array:sort($array as array(*), $collation as xs:string?, $key as function(item()*) as xs:anyAtomicType*) as array(*)
Summary Returns a new array with sorted $array members, using an optional $collation. If a $key function is supplied, it will be applied on all array members. The items of the resulting values will be sorted using the semantics of the lt expression.
Examples
  • array:sort(array { reverse(1 to 3) }) returns [1, 2, 3]
  • array:sort([3,-2,1], (), abs#1) returns [1, -2, 3]
  • array:sort([1,2,3], (), function($x) { -$x }) returns [3, 2, 1]
  • array:sort((1,'a')) returns an error (strings and integers cannot be compared)

[edit] Errors

Code Description
FOAY0001 The specified index extends beyonds the bounds of an array.
FOAY0002 The specified length is less than zero.

[edit] Changelog

Version 8.6
Version 8.5
Version 8.4

Introduced with Version 8.0.

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