Web Module

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This XQuery Module provides convenience functions for building web applications with RESTXQ.

Conventions[edit]

All functions and errors in this module are assigned to the http://basex.org/modules/web namespace, which is statically bound to the web prefix.

Functions[edit]

web:content-type[edit]

Signatures web:content-type($path as xs:string) as xs:string
Summary Returns the content type of a path by analyzing its file suffix. application/octet-stream is returned if the file suffix is unknown.
Examples
  • web:content-type("sample.mp3") returns audio/mpeg

web:create-url[edit]

Signatures web:create-url($url as xs:string, $parameters as map(*)) as xs:string
web:create-url($url as xs:string, $parameters as map(*), $anchor as xs:string) as xs:string
Summary Creates a new URL from the specified $url string, query string $parameters and an optional $anchor reference. The keys and values of the map entries will be converted to strings, URL-encoded (see web:encode-url), and appended to the URL as query parameters. If a map entry has more than a single item, all of them will be appended as single parameters.
Examples
  • web:create-url('http://find.me', map { 'q': 'dog' }) returns http://find.me?q=dog
  • web:create-url('search', map { 'year': (2000,2001), 'title':() }) returns search?year=2000&year=2001

web:encode-url[edit]

Signatures web:encode-url($string as xs:string) as xs:string
Summary Encodes a string to a URL. Spaces are rewritten to +; *, -, . and _ are adopted; and all other non-ASCII characters and special characters are percent-encoded.
Examples
  • web:encode-url("this is a test!.html") returns this+is+a+test%21.html.

web:decode-url[edit]

Signatures web:decode-url($string as xs:string) as xs:string
Summary Decodes a URL to the original string. Percent-encoded characters are decoded to their UTF8 codepoints, and + characters are rewritten to spaces.
Examples
  • web:decode-url("%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E8%AA%9E") returns 日本語.
Errors invalid: the string contains invalid XML characters.

web:forward[edit]

Signatures web:forward($path as xs:string) as element(rest:forward)
web:forward($path as xs:string, $parameters as map(*)) as element(rest:forward)
Summary Creates a server-side RESTXQ forward request to the specified $path. The client will not get notified of this forwarding.
The $parameter argument is processed as described in web:create-url.
Examples

The function call web:forward('/a/b') creates the following result (which will be interpreted as forwarding if RESTXQ is used):

<rest:forward>/a/b</rest:forward>

web:redirect[edit]

Signatures web:redirect($url as xs:string) as element(rest:response)
web:redirect($url as xs:string, $parameters as map(*)) as element(rest:response)
web:redirect($url as xs:string, $parameters as map(*), $anchor as xs:string) as element(rest:response)
Summary Creates a RESTXQ redirection to the specified $url. The returned response will only work if no other items are returned by the RESTXQ function.
The $parameters and $anchor arguments are processed as described in (see web:create-url).
Examples

The query web:redirect('/a/b') returns the following result (which will be interpreted as redirection if RESTXQ is used):

<rest:response xmlns:rest="http://exquery.org/ns/restxq">
  <http:response xmlns:http="http://expath.org/ns/http-client" status="302">
    <http:header name="location" value="/a/b"/>
  </http:response>
</rest:response>

web:response-header[edit]

Signatures web:response-header() as element(rest:response)
web:response-header($output as map(*)?) as element(rest:response)
web:response-header($output as map(*)?, $headers as map(*)?) as element(rest:response)
web:response-header($output as map(*)?, $headers as map(*)?, $atts as map(*)?) as element(rest:response)
Summary Creates a RESTXQ response header.

Serialization parameters and header values can be supplied via the $output and $headers arguments, and status and message attributes can be attached to the HTTP response element with the $atts argument.

  • media-type: application/octet-stream

Header options can be supplied via the $headers argument. Empty string values can be specified to invalidate default values. By default, the following header options will be returned:

  • Cache-Control: max-age=3600,public
Examples
  • The function call web:response-header() returns:
<rest:response xmlns:rest="http://exquery.org/ns/restxq">
  <http:response xmlns:http="http://expath.org/ns/http-client"/>
  <output:serialization-parameters xmlns:output="http://www.w3.org/2010/xslt-xquery-serialization"/>
</rest:response>
  • The following expression returns a media-type for binary data, a caching directive, and the OK status:
web:response-header(
  map { 'media-type': 'application/octet-stream' },
  map { 'Cache-Control': 'max-age=3600,public' },
  map { 'status': 200, 'message': 'OK' }
)
  • The following RESTXQ function returns the contents of a file to the client with correct media type:
declare %rest:path('media/{$file}') function local:get($file) {
  let $path := 'path/to/' || $file
  return (
    web:response-header(map { 'media-type': web:content-type($path) }),
    file:read-binary($path)
  )
};

web:error[edit]

Signatures web:error($status as xs:integer, $message as xs:string) as none
Summary Raises an error with the QName rest:error, the specified $message and the specified $status as error value.
Calls to this function are equivalent to fn:error(xs:QName('rest:error'), $message, $status).

See RESTXQ: Raise Errors to learn how the function is helpful in web applications.

Examples
  • web:error(404, "The requested resource cannot be found.")
Errors status: The supplied status code is invalid.

Errors[edit]

Code Description
invalid A string contains invalid XML characters.
status The supplied status code is invalid.

Changelog[edit]

Version 9.3
Version 9.2
Version 9.0
  • Updated: web:response-header: third argument added; default parameters removed.
  • Updated: error codes updated; errors now use the module namespace
Version 8.4
Version 8.2

The module was introduced with Version 8.1.