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59 bytes removed ,  13:41, 6 November 2021
Jobs A job can additionally be registered as persistent services. An additional ''service'' by supplying the {{Code|service}} option has been added to the options list of {{Function|Jobs|jobs:eval}} and {{Function|Jobs|jobs:invoke}}:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang="brush:xquery">(: register job, which as service; will be run every day at 1 am :)
jobs:eval('db:drop("tmp")', (), map { 'id':'cleanup', 'start':'01:00:00', 'interval':'P1D', 'service': true() }),
(: unregister job :)
jobs:stop('cleanup', map { 'service': true() })
'''Some more notes:'''
* All registered jobs job services will be scheduled for evaluation when the BaseX server or BaseX HTTP server is started.
* If a job service is outdated (e.g. because a supplied end time has been exceeded), it will be removed from the jobs file at startup time.
* Job services can be updated: If a new job is registered, and if there is already a job with the same id, the old entry will be replaced.
* The job definitions are stored in a {{Code|jobs.xml}} file in the database directory. It can also be edited manually.
{{Mark|Updated with Version 9.1:}} registration time added
{| width='100%'
| '''Examples'''
| <code>jobs:list-details()</code> returns information on the currently running job and possibly others:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang="brush:xml">
<job id="job1" type="XQuery" state="running" user="admin" duration="PT0.001S">
XQUERY jobs:list-details()
Asynchronous query execution is recommendable if There are cases in which a client does not, or cannot, wait until a request is fully processed. This is e. g. the case with web browsersThe client may be a browser, which will usually cancel a sends an HTTP request after a specific timeout. In such cases, you can use asynchronous execution to trigger another the server-side process, which will in order to start the another time-consuming processquery job. The functions in this section allow you to register a new query job from a running query. Jobs can be executed immediately (i.e., and fetch the result later on as soon as the [[Transaction Management#Concurrency Control|Concurrency Control]] allows it is available) or scheduled for repeated execution. Each registered job gets a job id, and the id can be used to retrieve a query result, stop a job, or wait for its termination.
| width='120' | '''Signatures'''
|{{Func|jobs:eval|$query as xs:stringanyAtomicItem|xs:string}}<br />{{Func|jobs:eval|$query as xs:stringanyAtomicItem, $bindings as map(*)?|xs:string}}<br />{{Func|jobs:eval|$query as xs:stringanyAtomicItem, $bindings as map(*)?, $options as map(*)?|xs:string}}<br />
| '''Summary'''
|Schedules the evaluation of the supplied {{Code|$query}} ({{Code|xs:string}}, or of type {{Code|xs:anyURI}}, pointing to a resource), and returns a query id. The query will be queued, and the result will optionally be cached. Queries can be updating. Variables and the context items value can be declared via {{Code|$bindings}} (see [[XQuery Module#xquery:eval|xquery:eval]] for more details). The following {{Code|$options}} can be supplied:
* {{Code|cache}}: indicates if the query result will be cached or ignored (default: <code>false</code>):
** The result will be cached in main-memory until it is fetched via [[#jobs:result|jobs:result]], or until {{Option|CACHETIMEOUT}} is exceeded.
** If the query raises an error, it will be cached and returned instead.
* {{Code|start}}: a dayTimeDuration, time , dateTime or dateTime integer can be specified to delay the execution of the query:
** If a dayTimeDuration is specified, the query will be queued after the specified duration has passed. Examples for valid values are: <code>P1D</code> (1 day), <code>PT5M</code> (5 minutes), <code>PT0.1S</code> (100 ms). An error will be raised if a negative value is specified.
** If a dateTime is specified, the query will be executed at this date. Examples for valid values are: <code>2018-12-31T23:59:59</code> (New Year's Eve 2018, close to midnight). An error will be raised if the specified time lies in the past.
** If a time is specified, the query will be executed at this time of the day. Examples for valid times are: <code>02:00:00</code> (2am local time), <code>12:00:00Z</code> (noon, UTC). If the time lies in the past, the query will be executed the next day.
** An integer will be interpreted as minutes. If a dateTime is the specifiednumber exceeds the minutes of the current hour, the query will be executed at this date. Examples for valid values are: <code>2018-12-31T23:59:59</code> (New Year's Eve 2018, close to midnight). An error will be raised if the specified time lies in the pastone hour later.
* {{Code|interval}}: a dayTimeDuration string can be specified to execute the query periodically. An error is raised if the specified interval is less than one second (<code>PT1S</code>). If the next scheduled call is due, and if a query with the same id is still running, it will be skipped.
* {{Code|end}}: scheduling can be stopped after a given time or duration. The string format is the same as for {{Code|start}}. An error is raised if the resulting end time is smaller than the start time.
* {{Code|base-uri}}: sets the [ base-uri property] for the query. This URI will be used when resolving relative URIs, such as with {{Code|fn:doc}}.
* {{Code|id}}: sets a custom job id. The id must not start with the standard <code>job</code> prefix, and it can only be assigned if no job with the same name exists.
* {{Code|service}}: additionally registers the job as [[#Services|service]]. Registered services must have no variable bindings.* {{Code|log}}: writes the specified string to the [[Logging|database logs]]. Two log entries are stored, one at the beginning and another one after the execution of the job.
| '''Errors'''
* Cache query result. The returned id can be used to pick up the result with [[#jobs:result|jobs:result]]:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang='brush:"xquery'">
jobs:eval("1+3", (), map { 'cache': true() })
* A happy birthday mail will be sent at the given date:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang="brush:xquery">
jobs:eval("import module namespace mail='mail'; mail:send('Happy birthday!')",
(), map { 'start': '2018-09-01T06:00:00' })}}
* The following [[RESTXQ]] functions can be called to execute a query at 2 am every day. An id will be returned by the first function, which can be used to stop the scheduler via the second function:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang='brush:"xquery'">
declare %rest:POST("{$query}") %rest:path('/start-scheduling') function local:start($query) {
jobs:eval($query, (), map { 'start': '02:00:00', 'interval': 'P1D' })
* Query execution is scheduled for every second, and for 10 seconds in total. As the query itself will take 1.5 seconds, it will only be executed every second time:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang="brush:xquery">
jobs:eval("prof:sleep(1500)", (), map { 'interval': 'PT1S', 'end': 'PT10S' })
</presyntaxhighlight>* The query in the specified file will be evaluated once:<syntaxhighlight lang="xquery">jobs:eval(xs:anyURI('cleanup.xq'))</syntaxhighlight>* The following expression, if stored as in a file, calls and evaluates itself will be evaluated every 5 seconds:<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang="brush:xquery">
map { },
map { 'start': 'PT5S' }
==jobs:invokeresult== {| width='100%'|-| width='120' | '''Signatures'''|{{Func|jobs:invoke|$uri as xs:string|xs:string}}<br />{{Func|jobs:invoke|$uri as xs:string, $bindings as map(*)?|xs:string}}<br />{{Func|jobs:invoke|$uri as xs:string, $bindings as map(*)?, $options as map(*)?|xs:string}}<br />|-| '''Summary'''|Schedules the evaluation of the XQuery expression located at {{Code|$uri}} and returns a query id. For further details, see [[#jobs:eval|jobs:eval]].|-| '''Errors'''|{{Error|overflow|#Errors}} Query execution is rejected, because too many jobs are queued or being executed. {{Option|CACHETIMEOUT}} can be decreased if the default setting is too restrictive.<br/>{{Error|range|#Errors}} A specified time or duration is out of range.<br/>{{Error|id|#Errors}} The specified id is invalid or has already been assigned.<br/>{{Error|options|#Errors}} The specified options are conflicting.|-| '''Examples'''| Run XQuery expression that may perform some cleanups:<pre class='brush:xquery'>jobs:invoke("cleanup.xq", (), ())</pre>|}
==jobs{{Mark|Updated with Version 9.7:}} Return empty sequence if no result==is cached.
{| width='100%'
| '''Summary'''
|Returns the cached result of a job with the specified job {{Code|$id}}:
* If the original job has raised an error, the cached error will be raised instead.
* Results can only be retrieved once. After retrieval, the cached result will be dropped.
* If the original job result has raised an error, the cached error will be raised instead.|-| '''Errors'''|{{Error|running|#Errors}} the job is still running.<br/>{{Error|unknown|#Errors}} the supplied id is unknown: The id is unknownalready been retrieved, or the result if it has already not been retrievedcached, an empty sequence is returned.<br/>
| '''Examples'''
* The following [[RESTXQ]] function will either return the result of a previously started job or raise an error:
<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang='brush:"xquery'">
declare %rest:path('/result/{$id}') function local:result($id) {
</presyntaxhighlight>* The following query demonstrates how the results of an asynchronously executed query can be returned within the same query(see below why you should avoid this pattern in practice):<pre classsyntaxhighlight lang='brush:"xquery'">let $query := jobs:eval('(1 to 10000000)[. = 1]', map{}, map{ 'cache': true() })
return (
</presyntaxhighlight>Please note that queries Queries of this kind can cause deadlocks. For example, if both ! If the original query and the new query to be executed asynchronously perform updates on the same database, the second query would will only be run after the first one has been executed, and the first query will wait for the second query forever. This is why you You should avoid this pattern in practice and resort to [[XQuery Module#xquery:fork-join|xquery:fork-join]] if you want to do things in have full control on parallelquery execution.
| Registered services cannot be parsed, added or removed.
| The supplied query id is unknown or not available anymore.
;Version 9.7
* Updated: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:result}}: return empty sequence if no result is cached.
;Version 9.5
* Updated: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:eval}}: integers added as valid start and end times.
;Version 9.4
* Updated: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:eval}}: option added for writing log entries.
* Updated: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:list-details}}: interval added.
;Version 9.2
* Deleted: jobs:invoke (merged with {{Function|Jobs|jobs:eval}})
;Version 9.1
* Updated: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:list-details}}: registration time added.
;Version 9.0
* Added: {{Function|Jobs|jobs:invoke}}, [[#Services|Services]]
;Version 8.6
 * Updated: [[#jobs:eval{{Function|Jobs|jobs:eval]]}}: <code>id</code> option added.
The module was introduced with Version 8.5.
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