Query Mode

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The query mode of the Language Bindings allows you to bind external variables to a query and evaluate the query in an iterative manner. For this, you need to call the query() function of the Session instance with your defined query. This will return a query object, which comes with a forward-only iterator. Variables can be bound to the query using the bind() function of the query object.


The query execution works as follows:

  1. Create a new session instance with hostname, port, username and password.
  2. Call the query() function of the session with the query as argument to get your query object.
  3. Optionally bind variables to the query with the bind() function.
  4. Initialize query output via init().
  5. Iterate through the query object with the more() and next() functions. If an error occurs, an exception is thrown.
  6. As an alternative, call execute() to get the whole result at a time. This will be faster in most cases, as the socket communication will be limited to a single call.
  7. Optionally, call info() to get information on the number of results, query time, etc.
  8. Close the query with close().

Example in PHP

 * This example shows how queries can be executed in an iterative manner.
 * Documentation: http://basex.org/api
 * (C) BaseX Team 2005-11, ISC License

try {
  // create session
  $session = new Session("localhost", 1984, "admin", "admin");
  try {
    // create query instance
    $input = 'declare variable $name external; '.
      'for $i in 1 to 10 return element { $name } { $i }';
    $query = $session->query($input);

    // bind variable
    $query->bind("$name", "number");

    // initialize query
    print $query->init();

    // loop through all results
    while($query->more()) {
      print $query->next()."\n";

    // close query instance
    print $query->close();

  } catch (Exception $e) {
    // print exception
    print $e->getMessage();

  // close session

} catch (Exception $e) {
  // print exception
  print $e->getMessage();